In this article, we review the well-known smart home automation security concerns that you should consider.
Generally, Smart Home defines a residence that is controlled by the residence's various home automation systems. We also suggest reading the smart home automation guide, if you haven't read it. You can also read the Turkish version of the this article: Akıllı ev sistemleri güvenliği.
Smart Home Automation Security
The tasks of a modern security system include identifying an intruder trying to gain access to the home. Some of the other functions are also alerting the homeowner about the intrusion or intrusion attempt and preventing the intruder from gaining access to the house. However, there are some smart home automation security concerns about this new technology.
A modern security system also gathers or collects evidence regarding the intrusion. By doing this, the perpetrators can be brought to justice.
The advancement of technology has contributed to the changing concept of security in modern homes. It has changed from a simple lock and key security concept to implementing sophisticated smart security systems. Those connected devices include security cameras, microphones, contact sensors, proximity sensors, alarms, silent alarms, etc.
By connecting modern homes to the Internet, users can access and control their homes remotely at any time and from anywhere in the world. This is how smart home devices work.
New technologies enable people to know and control every aspect of their homes. The new smart technologies are the results of those sub-techs below:
- Increase in the processing power of newly-designed processors
- Considerable reduction in power consumption cost and size of new electronics devices
Inhabitants can keep an eye on their homes using live video and audio feeds from different parts of their homes. They are also aware of humidity, temperature, and light intensity.
For instance, if you are living in Gulf region, you'll have a bunch of benefits when you start automating your home. You can read Smart Home Automation in Gulf Countries such as Qatar, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Kuwait.
Smart Home Automation Security Concerns
As we said before, people have concerns about smart home automation. We'll investigate those smart home automation security concerns soon. Let's see the different attack types that smart home owners can be exposed to.
Commonly used technologies and networks for smart home automation have many vulnerabilities. They consider various routing attacks on wireless sensor networks (WSNs). These vulnerabilities include Sinkhole attacks, Selective Forwarding attacks, Sybil attacks, and Cloned ID attacks.
A well-known attack type for smart home automation security is called Man-in-the-middle attack. In 2006, Y.C Hu detected a vital attack on wireless networks called a Wormhole attack. The attacker records data packets on the network at one location, tunnels them to another place, and retransmits them to the network. This attack can be carried out even if all communications in the network are done with confidentiality and integrity using IPsec in 6LoWPAN.
Data packet integrity, device authenticity, key establishment, and encryption standards are specified in almost all wireless encryption protocols these days.
Physical harm is possible
Privacy and security problems include not only information leakage but also physical harm through smart devices.
In 2013, T. Oluwafemi showed how a simple device in a home could be manipulated to cause physical harm. It is shown that a fluorescent lamp (CFL), which is connected to a home automation network, or Internet (shattered glass, fire outbreak, mercury poisoning) to a home's inhabitants.
Moreover, lights fluctuating at certain frequencies could be very dangerous for people with photosensitive epilepsy.
When a home automation network is connected to the Internet, there is the possibility that an attacker could gain control of switches and dimmers along with devices plugged into the power outlets.
Researchers also discussed the presence of some well-known vulnerabilities in home automation systems, such as Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
Insecure Connections in Smart Homes
In some home automation systems, a user is authenticated using an authentication cookie, which is not associated with any session ID or expiration time frame. Suppose an attacker could steal this authentication cookie from a legitimate user and include it in their browser session. In that case, they could bypass the authentication page altogether.
We summarize some of the well-known smart home automation security concerns. It is better to consider those when you choose your smart home automation company.